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By ahmadmahdi
In the Name of Allah, The Abundantly Merciful, The Intensely Merciful , All praises belong to Allah the Lord of the Worlds O Allah send Your prayers upon Muhammad and the Family of Muhammad the Imams and the Mahdis , peace be upon them all.

Success comes from Allah [swt] and Allah [swt] knows Best

اللهم صلي على محمد و ال محمد الأئمة و المهديين و سلم تسليما كثيرة
O’Ahmad O’Abdullah O’Mahdi from You O’Ahlul Bayt is Goodness And in You O’Ahlul Bayt is Goodness And Upon You O’Ahlul Bayt is Goodness

What is Nirvana [as]
Nirvana refers to the extinguishing of the fires of greed, hatred and delusion. When these emotional and psychological defilements are destroyed by wisdom, the mind becomes free, radiant and joyful and at death one is no longer subject to rebirth.
"One thing and only one thing do I teach, suffering and the cessation of suffering". – Prophet Bhudda [as]
"Nirvana is the ultimate happiness". – Prophet Buddha [as]

The concept of Nirvana was originally explained by Prophet Buddha [as] who reached Enlightenment, at the age of 35, awakening to the true nature of reality, which is Nirvana the Absolute Truth. Nirvana can only be explained to the 'unenlightened' by negation. Thus Prophet Buddha [as] explain this deep concept to one of his disciples. Prophet Bhudda [as] asked whether the fire, when it is extinguished, can be said to have gone north, south, east, or west. Nirvana, however, cannot be described as existing, not existing, both existing and not, or neither existing nor not. The reasonable reply is that it can never be answered completely and satisfactorily in words, because human language is too poor to express the real nature of the Absolute Truth or Ultimate Reality which is Nirvana. Nirvana, is the happiest being in the world. He is free from all ‘complexes’ and obsessions, the worries and troubles that torment others. His mental health is perfect. He does not repent the past, nor does he brood over the future. He lives fully in the present. Therefore he appreciates and enjoys things in the purest sense without self projections. He is joyful, exultant, enjoying the pure life, his faculties pleased, free from anxiety, serene and peaceful. He is free from selfish desire, hatred, ignorance, conceit, pride, and all such ‘defilements’, he is pure and gentle, full of universal love, compassion, kindness, sympathy, understanding and tolerance. His service to others is of the purest, for he has no thought of self. He gains nothing, accumulated nothing, because he is free from the illusion of self and the ‘thirst’ of becoming.
The Mind The human mind has no limitations. The contemporary science had not discovered even 5% of the human brain and its cognitive abilities. According to Prophet Buddha [as] there is no division between physical and psychological aspects of life. The experience of the one influences the other. Nirvana is cognizable by mind. In other words human mind can be trained in higher cognitive functions. When the mind reaches higher state it can understand advanced logical reasoning, high moral issues and so forth. Realization of Nirvana is a form of achieving superior mental state. It is a state in which one experiences the unity and wholeness of everything as it is. Seeking Nirvana Prophet Buddha [as] taught goodness is important, but what is even more important is wisdom, to have wisdom. To achieve nirvana one has to think in terms of taming all the virtuous qualities and trying to overcome all the vices. It is important to achieve this by action and spiritual path by performing good works, virtuous deeds and increasing an understanding of wisdom behind the good work. Moral actions, good deeds of any kind, are subservient to the understanding born of wisdom through practice in meditation.
How to achieve Nirvana To achieve nirvana it is important to understand our relationship to the natural world and accept the consequences of being conscious mortal beings. We must understand the cognitive and emotional causes of suffering and attempt to change our patterns of thought and behaviour so that our mind and is not controlled by our desires for fulfilment. The traditional steps for achieving nirvana taught by Prophet Buddha [as] require wisdom, ethical conduct, and mental discipline. Wisdom Purifies the mind and allows it to attain spiritual insight into the true nature of all things. To become critical observers and view reality as it is, not just as it appears to be. A view gained through deep reflection and validated through investigation to reach towards the right goals. Ethical conduct To attain the peace of mind that comes from knowing that our actions do not result in harm for other living beings. To always be truthful and considerate. To act in ways that are not harmful to others and our work must not contribute to human misery or aggravate the condition of our fellow men. Mental discipline To be able to conquer or have increase control over our own minds. This is accomplished through contemplative and meditative practices. To always improve ourselves. To maintain a high level of awareness to see things for what they are without letting them influence our emotions, and we have to allow the mind to observe and gain insight into the changing flow of experience. Achieving nirvana requires determination and a whole lifetime of dedication just as the Prophets, and Ahl al Bayt [as] peace be upon them all have done so. Prophet Buddha [as] taught his people how to achieve nirvana through following the correct principles, the Noble eightfold path, and accepting the four truths.

The Four Noble Truths - Prophet Buddha [as]
Prophet Buddha [as] spoke of the four noble truths which he [as] discovered while attaining nirvana. The Four Noble Truths contain the essence of Prophet Buddha [as] teachings.

"I teach suffering, its origin, cessation and path. That's all I teach", - Prophet Buddha a.s

The First Noble Truth The first noble truth Prophet Budhha [as] came across in his [as] journey is Dukkha. Dukkha meaning suffering such as birth, decay, death, diseases. This suffering arises because nothing is the same as it was a moment ago. Clinging at pressure is like the fine sand in our fist, it still escapes through the fingers even while grasping it.
Prophet Buddha a.s said “All compounded things are subject to Dukkha’’ The Second Noble Truth The second noble truth Prophet Buddha [as] came across his [as] journey is arising of suffering. Suffering does not arise without a cause. The causes of suffering is wanting the pleasure of this world , the desire for power, wealth, pleasures and attachment to ideas. The dhamapada states: ‘’from craving springs grief, from craving springs fear, For him who is wholly free from craving, there is no grief , whence fear?’’ The Third Noble Truth
The third noble truth Prophet Bhudda [as] came across his [as] journey is the end of suffering and the realization that when unpleasant things occur it is the mind and not the body that suffers. Prophet Buddha a.s said “that the five aggregates, which involve in clinging is suffering’’ The Five aggregates refer to the mind and body which together constitutes the man. If there is grasping at any of them as being ‘I’ or ‘Mine’ those cause suffering. The fourth noble truth
The fourth noble truth Prophet Budha [as] came across in his [as] journey is the path leading to the end of suffering, attaining Nirvana. To work towards achieving nirvana , Prophet Bhudda [as] taught the eightfold path the path which never ends and brings detachment by gradual elimination of desire for pleasures. The path leads from selfishness to altruism from the unreal to the real.

The Eightfold Path
The Eightfold path is made up of morality, concentration and wisdom to complete the fourth noble truths to achieve enlightenment, Nirvana.
First part of the eightfold path - Morality
The first part of the eightfold path includes morality the right speech, right actions and right livelihood. To show others love, compassion, and kindness the noble qualities of the heart, to give and become tolerant.

Right Speech - To always be truthful, helpful, affectionate, and promotes harmony, to represent ideal human communication to bond unity.

Right Action - To behave morally right, honorable and peaceful to refrain from stealing, dishonoring, destroying life, and cheating others.

Right Livelihood - To provide necessities of life, earning halal income, avoid dishonesty, and exploitation of cruelty.

Second part of the eightfold path – Concentration
The second part of the eightfold path includes concentration the right work, right mindfulness and concentration. Practice the peace of the mind to conquer the self.

Right Effort - Overcome evil, bad thoughts and fight against the I. Increase goodness towards others.
Right Mindfulness - Establish harmony and peace, alertness of the mind, and awareness of the conduct, ideas, thoughts, conception,
Right Concentration - Observe alertness, meditate, and reflect and ponder on the self.

Third part of the eightfold path - Wisdom
The third part of the eightfold path includes wisdom behind performing the right actions, speeches and thoughts.
Right understanding - Understand the four noble truths, accepting we are the owner of our own intentional actions, speech, and thought.
Right thought - Eliminate evil thoughts, freeing the mind from such thoughts to reduce suffering and to develop pure thoughts.

The Dhamapada verse 1 states: “Mind preceds all mental states , Mind is their chief, they are all mind wrought, If with an impure mind a person speaks or acts suffering follows him like the wheel that follows the foot of an ox”

Prophet Buddha [as] said: ‘Look not to the faults of others, nor to their omissions and commissions, but rather look to your own acts, to what you have done and left undone.’
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