- Fri Aug 19, 2011 1:39 am
Quranic Life and knowledge of Imam Ali, Abu Turab (Father of Soil) (as)
Bismillah Al Rahmaan Al Raheem
"(Remember) the day when We will summon every people with their Imam (guide); then whosoever is given his book in his right hand, then these shall read their book (joyfully) and they shall not be dealt with unjustly". (17:71)
In explaining the above verse from the Noble Qur'an, Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said, "(On that day) everyone will be summoned with the Imam of their time, Book of their Lord and the Sunnah (tradition) of their Prophet". (Namoona)
Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said, "The person who dies and has not known the Imam of his time [Imam Mahdi (as) is the present time Imam] has died the same as one who died during the Age of Ignorance."
The foremost principle of Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as)'s life was: Having firm belief and faith in Almighty Allah (SWT). Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) therefore based his entire life upon the teachings and guidance of Noble Qur'an. That's why the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: "Ali is with Quran and Quran is with Ali".
Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) said, "Ask me (anything) about the Book of Allah (Noble Qur'an). By Allah! There is not a single verse which was revealed during night or day, during travel or at home, but Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) read it to me and taught me its meanings..." (Amali of Shaykh al-Toosi)
Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) was the only one who declared 'Saluni, Saluni Kabla an Tafkiduni' - 'ask me, ask me, before you do not find me amongst you.'
Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) also said, "If authority is given to me and I have to act as a judge, I will judge the followers of Tawrat from Tawrat, the followers of Injeel from Injeel, the followers of Zaboor from Zaboor and followers of Furqan (Quran) from Furqan. By Allah! There is not a single verse which has been revealed during night or day, in the field or in the mountains but that, I possess its knowledge as to where it was revealed and for whom it was revealed".
Judgement of Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) according to Noble Qur'an (Six Months Pregnancy)
After the death of Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw), the Justice of Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) was very popular. Even the first three Caliphs resorted to him in numerous cases.
Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuhahf) said: The foremost judge amongst you is Ali.
During the days of second Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab, a woman was arrested and presented before him.
People said, "O Khalifa! This woman has committed adultery. She has delivered a child after only a period of six months pregnancy".
Umar ibn al-Khattab ordered the woman to be stoned to death.
As people were taking her towards the location for punishment, she kept on pleading that she was innocent but no one would listen to her.
Finally someone informed Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) about the situation and he (as) came to Umar ibn al-Khattab and asked, "Why have you ordered this woman to be stoned to death?"
Umar ibn al-Khattab replied, "For adultery! She has given birth to a child after a period of six month's pregnancy and we all know the pregnancy period is of nine months".
Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) said, "This is not true! It is possible for a woman to give birth after six months pregnancy. This child belongs to her husband".
When asked for Quranic evidence, Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) said, Allah (SWT) says at one place: "And the mothers should suckle their children for two years" (2:233) and in another place Allah (SWT) says: "And the bearing of him and the weaning of him is thirty months" (46:15) If the period of weaning which is two years (24 months) is subtracted from thirty months (which is overall period of bearing & weaning), there remains only six months. This proves that pregnancy period can be of six months.
So Umar ibn al-Khattab set the woman free and said, "If Ali had not been there, Umar would have perished."
Another Judgement of Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) according to Noble Qur'an
A case was brought before Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Caliph. Two babies, a girl and a boy, were born on a single dark night to two wives of the same man. The father of the babies had passed away and both wives claimed to be the mother of the son.
Umar ibn al-Khattab asked, "Where is Abul Hasan, vanquisher of difficulties?"
Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) was called for and the case detailed to him. He called for two small vessels to be brought and had them weighed and then instructed that equal amount of milk from each mother be drawn into a vessel.
When they were weighed again, it was found that one was heavier than the other. Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) declared that the mother with the heavier milk was the mother of the boy and the lighter milk was that of the girl's mother.
Umar ibn al-Khattab asked how he comes to this conclusion. Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) replied that Allah (SWT) has prescribed that, "For a male is the share of two females."
Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) was the most just ruler after Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) in the history of Islam.
Once two women came with a dispute to Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as). The dispute was that each of those two women claimed that the child was their son. No one was ready to back off their claim, that she was not the mother of that child. So Imam Ali (as) said, ok, I will divide the child into two parts by cutting him in half. This way both of you can keep half of your child. Just when the child was about to be cut suddenly one of the women cried, No! Please let the other woman keep this child. And, hence Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) concluded that the woman who cried out at the last moment was the real mother. Since a real mother could not bear to see her son get killed, even if it meant her to stay away from her own child.
Famous Sayings of Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) on Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as)
Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: "Whoever wishes to see Adam in his knowledge, Nuh/Noah in his piety, Ibrahim/Abraham in his forbearance (patience), Musa/Moses in his strength, and Isa/Jesus in his worship and devotion should look at Ali ibn Abi Talib."
Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: "Make your gatherings lively with the remembrance of Ali ibn Abi Talib."
Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: "Annazro ela'a wajhe Aliyin ibadah (Looking at the face of Ali is Worship.)"
Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: "You (Ali) are in the same position with respect to me as Aaron (Harun) was to Moses (Musa) except that there is no prophet after me."
Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: "Nobody knows Allah except me and Ali. Nobody knows me except Allah and Ali. Nobody knows Ali except Allah and me."
Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: "I am the City of Knowledge and Ali is its Gate."
Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: "Allah (SWT) has created me and Ali from the same one Noor."
Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: "I am from Ali and Ali is from Me."
Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: "Ali is my brother in the world and hereafter."
Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: "Ali is with Haqq (truth) and Haqq is with Ali - O Allah (SWT) turn Haqq in the same direction in which Ali turns."
Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) had affirmed in the battle of Khyber, when he said: "Tomorrow, I will give the banner to a man who loves Allah and His Prophet (pbuh) and whom Allah and His Prophet (pbuh) love." This man attacks but never flees. He does not come back from a battle, until he achieves victory by Allah's Blessings.
Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said the following about Ali ibn Abi Talib:
He is the first one to believe in Islam; He is the most knowledgeable; He is the most correct one in his DEEN; He is the most certain; He is the most patient; He is the most forgiving and generous; He is the bravest in heart; He is the IMAM and the successor after me.
Famous Sayings of Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) on the reality of this World
Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) said: "The world is a corpse. Whoever seeks it is a dog."
Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) said: "The pomp and glory of a vicious life is to me worth less than the sneeze of a goat."
"O world, are you offering yourself to me? Do you desire me? Never! Never! Deceive someone other than me, I have divorced you for the third time, so that you cannot return to me (metaphorically, of course; he is alluding to the fact that, in Islam, the third divorce is final) your life is short, the existence you offer is base, and your danger is great. Alas for the scarcity of sustenance (good deeds), the great distance of the journey, and the loneliness of the road!"
Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) said: "O Ammar, grieve not if the pleasures of this world are kept away from you. Honey, the best and sweetest food, is the saliva of an insect, the bee. The nicest dress is made of silk which is the refuse of a small worm. The most refreshing scent, musk, is the blood of an animal, the deer. The best drink is water which is also used by animals to quench their thirst.
Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) said: "This world is like a serpent, so soft to touch, but so full of lethal poison. Unwise people are allured by it and drawn towards it, and wise men avoid it and keep away from its poisonous effects."
Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) said: "When this world favors anybody it lends him qualifications, and attributes surpassing merits of others, and when it turns its face away from him it snatches away even his own excellences and fame."
I wonder at the arrogance of a haughty and vain person. Yesterday he was only a drop of semen and tomorrow he will turn into a corpse.
I wonder at the man who observes the Universe created by Allah and doubts His Being and Existence.
I wonder at the man who sees people dying around him and yet he has forgotten his end. Also Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) said: "Every breath you take is a step towards death."
The people of this world are the example of a caravan that is taking them while they are sleeping.
I wonder at the man who has seen the first life (understands the marvel of genesis of creation) and denies the second life (refuses to accept that he will be brought back to life again).
I wonder at the man who takes great pains to decorate and to make comfortable this mortal habitat and totally forgets his permanent abode."
Description of man according to Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) : "Man is a wonderful creature; he sees through the layers of fat (eyes), hears through a bone (ears) and speaks through a lump of flesh (tongue)."
Amir al-Muminin, Imam Ali (as) the great scholar of Islam
Amir al-Muminin, Imam Ali (as) was not only a great warrior but a great scholar as well. Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said about him, "I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate." He was one of the great jurists among the Companions. Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) appointed him as the Judge of Yemen during his life time. He was a master of Arabic and his writings were as effective as his speech.
On many occasions Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) had prayed for him. When he sent Imam Ali (as) to Yemen in Ramadan (10 AH), he blessed Imam Ali (as) with the following prayer: "Oh Allah (SWT) put truth on his tongue and enlightens his heart with the light of guidance." Then he himself put a turban on his head and gave the black standard.
On one occasion Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said to Imam Ali (as), "You pertain to me and I pertain to you." At another place, Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said, "Only a hypocrite does not love Ali and a believer does not hate him."
According to a Hadith Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said to Imam Ali (as), "You have a resemblance to Prophet Jesus whom the Jews hated so much that they slandered his mother Mary and whom Christians loved so much that they placed him in a position not rightly his. Ali afterwards said, "Two (types of) people will perish on my account, one who loves me so excessively that he praises me for what I do not possess, and one who hates me so much that he will be impelled by his hatred to slander me."
"The Dawa has reached its peak and victory is soon inshaAllah.
There are many who embark on the arc, but few remain committed and firm in the face of tornados, winds and high waves."
A saying of truth Ahmed Al-Hassan (a.s)